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Chesapeake Black Residents Question City’s Voter At-Large Representation

By Leonard E. Colvin
Chief Reporter
New Journal and Guide

    The second-largest city in Virginia, Chesapeake is one of the fastest-growing, diverse, and affluent locales in the state.

    But there is growing concern among African Americans that many neighborhoods are being underserved because of lack of direct representation on the nine-member City Council.

    Dr. George Reed is a retired educator, consultant for nonprofits, and a member of the New Chesapeake Men for Progress.

  Over the  past year, he has penned editorials in the New Journal and Guide, outlining  reasons why the city’s current at-large system of electing council and mayor should be abolished.

    In his latest editorial which appeared in the January 20th edition of the GUIDE, Reed  cited five specific reasons why a lawsuit against the city’s at-large system  would have a standing in the federal courts.

     One of the most critical factors, Reed said, is the location  of the residences of a majority of the council members.

    Reed pointed out that before  Dwight Parker was appointed to the council,  five of the Council members lived in the 23322 zip area  of the city; two in the 23323 zip code area, one in 23321, and others in the  23320 area.

    Residents who reside in the  zip code areas of  23324 and 23325 had and still have no representation on the Chesapeake City Council.


Reed said he has lived in the South Norfolk section of Chesapeake, which sits in the 23324 zip code since 1975. South Norfolk has the largest concentration of Black residents – 59.2%.

  In the  Greenbrier/Washington areas of the city, which sit in the 23325 zip code area, 40.6% of the residents are Black. Deep Creek, which is in the 23320 areas area, has a 30.2% African population.

   African Americans make up roughly 30% of the city’s population. With Asians, Hispanics, and other groups,

minorities make up 44% of the city’s population.

    Reed believes that if done fairly, at least three minority-majority voting districts  could be converted to single-member voting districts — wards or boroughs in the city.

    Anther key factor that  Reed believes can bolster any legal effort to dismantle the city’s at-large system of electing council is that it violates Section 2 of the 1965 Voting Rights Act (VRA) .

    The VRA of 1965, Reed noted, “prohibits voting practices  or procedures  that discriminate on the basis of race, color, or membership in one of  the languages of minorities identified in Section 4 of the VRA.

    Last March, U.S. District Court Judge Raymond Jackson struck down the hybrid at-large and districts system in Virginia Beach after a lawsuit was filed.

    Plaintiffs in that suit claimed that the system denies Blacks and other minorities from electing people of their choice on the council.

    This same stand took down the at-large system in Norfolk in the early 1990s.


    In “Holloway/Allen vs. the city  of Virginia Beach”, the suit declared the at-large system diluted minority voting power.  Voters did not have to live in the various boroughs which elected council members. So a candidate could secure a majority of the votes in a borough of the city. But residents living outside that borough  could cast votes and nullify the choices of the people living in the borough.

Currently, Chesapeake council elections are held in even-numbered years.  The Mayor and City Council members are elected at-large to four-year terms by the people in general Mayoral and Council elections.

    The Vice-mayor is elected by the council.

    There  are three African Americans on the present council. Dr. Ella Ward has served the  longest, with 18 years; Councilmen Dwight Parker and Don Carey are the newest.

     Reed and other Black leaders said  while Ward admits she aligns with the Democratic Party, Parker and Carey have not clearly identified their political affiliations.

  But the rest of the council are solidly affiliated with the business wing Republican Party so far as campaign contributions, said Reed.

    Dr. Ward said that her historic voter recognition among Black and white voters has helped her stay in office.

      She told the GUIDE if a suit is filed to change the system of electing the Chesapeake City Council, she would support it.

      During several previous council elections because of her historic name recognition, Ward  has received the highest number of votes  seeking reelection.

    “History, the fact that I work hard, and campaigning all over the city, have helped me win elections,” said Ward, who resides in  the  23321 zip area. 


“A lot of the Republican members on the council can raise immense amounts of  money in the run from business interests.  I never have been able to do so.”

    “I think wards or boroughs where candidates who can’t raise a lot of money should be created,”  she continued.  “The way we elect council is  a barrier for poor and working class people to win elections if they live in a certain part of this city.  I am in support of changing it.”

    In his recent editorial in the GUIDE, Dr. George Reed  noted that the Chesapeake Republican Party is cohesive, well-financed,  and “holds a firm grip on holding onto their seats and the power that goes into managing the city.”

    Reed said there are some 78,801 plus registered  voters in Chesapeake which has a population of  249,422.

    “But less than 21 percent of the those voters go to the polls,” said Reed. “So the few people who vote the less responsive the council will on requests for the people, especially for working-class and Black people.”

    Reed said that for the past two decades, the people have asked the city to build a performing arts complex, a convocation center, a sports complex with a   swimming or and other recreations outlets.

   Reed said the city pays $50,000 a year to the Ted Constant Center to have a venue to stage high school graduations.

    “Many vital projects are blocked by members of the council,” he said. “The idea for a performing arts center was included in the strategic plan and they spent money for a consultant for it. But do you see a performing arts center in Chesapeake?

    Reed said   the residents of the historically Black Pughsville section of the city  have been lobbying for an updated drainage system because of the flooding.

    But their demands have been ignored, he said.


    “Chesapeake is the fastest growing city in the region,” said Reed. “It is the second largest city in Virginia.  People move here because of the quality of the schools. But there is nothing to do here.”

  “People have to  travel other parts of the region to find outlets for cultural  and other interests,” said Reed.    “Change is needed and I think if a suit is filed we can start with the way we elect the city council. They control the present and future of this city.”

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